1 When we provide services, we want to make them easy, useful, and reliable. Where services are delivered on the Internet, this sometimes involves placing small amounts of information on your device, for example, computer or tablet. These include small files known as cookies or tracking technologies. They cannot be used to identify you personally.

These pieces of information are used to improve our services to you, including:

1.1 enabling a service to recognize your device so you don't have to give the same information several times during one task;

1.2 recognizing that you may already have given a username and password so you don't need to do it for every web page requested;

1.3 measuring how many people are using our services, so they can be made easier to use and to ensure enough capacity.

You can manage these small files yourself and learn more about them through Internet browser cookies - what they are and how to manage them.

2 Our use of cookies.

By understanding how people use Routledge Handbooks Online, we can improve the information provided. This also ensures that the service is available when you want it and fast. We use a number of different methods of gathering this data; see below for details:

Cookies to make the website work


Typical Content



Java Session Info

Expires when you close your browser or after 20 minutes


Authentication cookie

Expires after 10 minutes

Cookies for Google Analytics - Measuring use of our services


Typical Content



randomly generated number

Expires after 2 years


randomly generated number

Expires after 20 minutes


randomly generated number

Expires when you close your browser


randomly generated number

Expires after 180 days

For further details on the cookies set by Google Analytics, see this page from Google.

To find out how to allow, block, delete and manage cookies, follow this link to and select the browser you are using. You can also read your browser's built-in or online help for more information.


Back to top

Use of cookies on this website

We are using cookies to provide statistics that help us give you the best experience of our site. You can find out more in our Privacy Policy. By continuing to use the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.