Understanding Policy Designs Over Time

Layering, Stretching, Patching and Packaging

Authored by: Michael Howlett , Ishani Mukherjee , Jeremy Rayner

Routledge Handbook of Policy Design

Print publication date:  July  2018
Online publication date:  July  2018

Print ISBN: 9780815369189
eBook ISBN: 9781351252928
Adobe ISBN:


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Thinking about policy mixes is at the forefront of current research work in the policy sciences and raises many significant questions with respect to policy tools and instruments, processes of policy formulation and the evolution of tool choices over time. Previous empirical work on the evolution of existing policy mixes has highlighted how mixes that have evolved over time encounter specific kinds of problems retaining their coherence and consistency. This chapter discusses how evolutionary processes affect policy designs and designing, why many existing policy mixes are sub-optimal and how this can be improved.

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