An Argument for Integrating Wild and Agricultural Biodiversity Conservation

Authored by: Simon J. Attwood , Sarah E. Park , Paul Marshall , John H. Fanshawe , Hannes Gaisberger

Routledge Handbook of Agricultural Biodiversity

Print publication date:  October  2017
Online publication date:  October  2017

Print ISBN: 9780415746922
eBook ISBN: 9781315797359
Adobe ISBN:

10.4324/9781317753285-21

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Abstract

In this chapter, we consider how wild biodiversity (WBD), such as birds and insects, has been valued over time through both utilitarian and intrinsic lenses, and the implications this has had on conservation policy and practice. In doing so, we reflect on the evolution in biological conservation theory with respect to the valuation of WBD and highlight how the recent shift to a more utilitarian perspective has underpinned Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES). Meanwhile, the conservation of agricultural biodiversity (ABD), such as domesticated crop species and varieties and crop wild relatives, has taken a notably different evolutionary course, being firmly rooted in intrinsic values. Yet, although PES has provided mechanisms to formalise the market for WBD and ecosystem services for some time, it is only relatively recently that Payments for Agrobiodiversity Conservation Services (PACS) have started to explore the potential to incentivise the conservation of ABD.

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