Representing Violence in Anatolia and the Near East During the Transition to Agriculture

Readings from contextualized human skeletal remains

Authored by: Bonnie Glencross , Baş Boz

The Routledge Handbook of the Bioarchaeology of Human Conflict

Print publication date:  November  2013
Online publication date:  December  2013

Print ISBN: 9780415842198
eBook ISBN: 9781315883366
Adobe ISBN: 9781134677979

10.4324/9781315883366.ch5

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Abstract

The transition from foraging to farming in the Near East during the late Pleistocene and early Holocene (c. 23, 000—8000 cal BP) is probably one of the most significant cultural developments in recent human prehistory. This period bears witness to the movement of people into large semi-sedentary or sedentary villages, the domestication of plants and animals and the restructuring of human interactions. Together, these fundamental changes influenced all aspects of life from the economic to the technological and social. For these reasons, the Neolithic has long been a point of exploration for addressing questions concerned with why the transition from foraging to food production occurred, the causative agents involved and the effects this transition had on the human condition. In light of the importance of understanding the mechanisms and processes involved, considerable research (see for example Banning 2010; Braidwood 1960; Childe 1928; Kuijt and Goring-Morris 2002) has explored the possible links between population growth, food production and the emergence of social inequality and conflict.

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