The limits of environmental regulation in a globalized economy

Lessons from the Probo Koala case

Authored by: Karin van Wingerde

The Routledge Handbook of White-Collar and Corporate Crime in Europe

Print publication date:  April  2015
Online publication date:  April  2015

Print ISBN: 9780415722148
eBook ISBN: 9781315858432
Adobe ISBN: 9781317936718


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Since the 1970s business firms have increasingly been operating across national borders (Braith-waite and Drahos 2000; Gibbs et al. 2010). They exchange products, information, services and personnel all around the globe, thereby increasing the complexity of businesses and creating more complex trade and financial relationships amongst them. The ways in which modern business firms are organized, structured and governed have fundamentally changed (Biermann and Pattberg 2012; DiMaggio 2001; Forsgren 2008; Powell 2001): the traditional firm operating from a fixed location has given way to international dynamic networks of products and services.

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