Building Global Consensus on Measuring Learning

Debates and opportunities

Authored by: Kate Anderson , Rebecca Winthrop

Routledge Handbook of International Education and Development

Print publication date:  August  2015
Online publication date:  July  2015

Print ISBN: 9780415747547
eBook ISBN: 9781315797007
Adobe ISBN: 9781317752240


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The EFA goals established in Jomtien, Thailand, in 1990 demonstrated a global commitment to meeting basic learning needs. This commitment was restated in 2000 in the Dakar Framework for Action, in which Goal 6 calls for “improving every aspect of the quality of education, and ensuring their excellence so that recognised and measurable learning outcomes are achieved by all, especially in literacy, numeracy and essential life skills” (World Education Forum 2000). However, there was no consensus on what those outcomes should be or how they should be measured. The MDGs initiated in 2000 also included a focus on education, with Goal 2 being the completion of primary schooling for all children and youth.

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