Low-Cost Private Schools

What we need to know, do know, and their relevance for education and development

Authored by: James Tooley

Routledge Handbook of International Education and Development

Print publication date:  August  2015
Online publication date:  July  2015

Print ISBN: 9780415747547
eBook ISBN: 9781315797007
Adobe ISBN: 9781317752240


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It is now widely accepted that low-cost private schools exist in large numbers across developing countries, serving a majority of children in poor urban settings and a significant minority in rural areas. From tentative initial thoughts on the sector (Tooley 2000a, 2000b, 2000c), there is now a burgeoning literature on low-cost private schools, including several major books (e.g., Srivastava and Walford 2007; Srivastava 2013; Macpherson, Robertson and Walford 2014; Dixon 2013; Dixon and Tooley 2009). However, the literature reveals a hugely polarised debate about the significance of low-cost private schools.

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