Modernist Architecture and Design in Europe

Authored by: Michael Johnson

The Modernist World

Print publication date:  June  2015
Online publication date:  June  2015

Print ISBN: 9780415845038
eBook ISBN: 9781315778334
Adobe ISBN: 9781317696162

10.4324/9781315778334.ch33

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Abstract

From the urban skyline to the domestic interior, modernism in Europe presented a utopian vision of how the built environment could be transformed, raising living standards for the masses and elevating human consciousness to a higher intellectual and moral plane. The period from the French Revolution to the First World War was a time of disorientating upheaval. The rise of industry disrupted seemingly eternal patterns of human existence. Within the parameters of modernism, many creative disciplines sought to represent the disorientation and alienation arising from this state of flux. In architecture and design, however, the singular objective was to fashion order from the chaos. This essay examines the development of modernist architecture and design in Europe by identifying its key principles and charting its chronological and geographical variations.

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