Using outdoor adventure to contribute to peace

The case of Kenya

Authored by: Shikuku W. Ooko , Helen N. Muthomi

Routledge International Handbook of Outdoor Studies

Print publication date:  November  2015
Online publication date:  November  2015

Print ISBN: 9781138782884
eBook ISBN: 9781315768465
Adobe ISBN: 9781317666523


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Many communities across Africa have experienced war and conflict that left physical, psychological, emotional, mental and social devastation to those affected (Kaviti, 2009). Leaders often rush to military solutions to address conflicts and demonstrate national strength. Not surprisingly, violence often becomes an acceptable way for people to express frustration, domination and control (JustFaith Ministries, 2012). However, Reich and Pivovarov (1994) observed, ‘Since wars begin in the minds of men [sic.], it is in the minds of men that the defences of peace must be constructed’ (p. 11). Therefore, education can be an instrument of acculturation to peace.

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