The interpretative value of information

Authored by: Jan Kyrre Berg Friis

The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Information

Print publication date:  June  2016
Online publication date:  June  2016

Print ISBN: 9781138796935
eBook ISBN: 9781315757544
Adobe ISBN: 9781317633495

10.4324/9781315757544.ch31

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Abstract

Information is everywhere. Information can be mediated by the dashboard of your car, or revealed to you by reading a text, looking at a poster, seeing a film – or by interpreting fMRI scans or statistics. All are human phenomena infused with meanings understandable by a driver or a film buff, a radiologist or a mathematician. Information can be environmental – like the degrees on a thermometer, or it may come to you in the form of an alarming sound of breaking glass above our head. Information can be mediated quantitatively or qualitatively; the information may be precise, factual. Factual information is either true or untrue. If it is true it yields correct or coherent understanding. If it is untrue we are disinformed, or we might have been unintentionally misinformed (Floridi, 2009:15). Hermeneutics deals with all kinds of intentional information. This chapter will discuss whether hermeneutics is a method or an event or both conjoined by taking a closer look at the hermeneutics of Schleiermacher, Dilthey, Heidegger, and Gadamer. Lastly, we will take a look at some of the more recent critique directed at philosophical hermeneutics.

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