Information processing and instructional information

Authored by: Nir Fresco , Marty J. Wolf

The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Information

Print publication date:  June  2016
Online publication date:  June  2016

Print ISBN: 9781138796935
eBook ISBN: 9781315757544
Adobe ISBN: 9781317633495

10.4324/9781315757544.ch09

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Abstract

Humans use information in everyday activities, including reading, driving, learning, planning and decision-making. There is broad agreement that, in some sense, human cognition involves the processing of information, and, indeed, many psychological and neuroscientific theories explain cognitive phenomena in information-theoretic terms. However, it is not always clear which of the many concepts of ‘information’ is the one relevant to understanding the nature of human cognition. The particular concept of ‘information’ we choose also has implications for what qualifies as information processing. In this chapter, we take the basic information-processing model, roughly along the lines of Richard Atkinson and Richard Shiffrin’s early Model of Human Memory (1971), to include (1) input, (2) processing, (3) storage, (4) retrieval and (5) output.

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