Presidentialist Decision Making in Latin American Foreign Policy

Examples from Regional Integration Processes

Authored by: Andrés Malamud

Routledge Handbook of Latin America in the World

Print publication date:  November  2014
Online publication date:  October  2014

Print ISBN: 9780415842389
eBook ISBN: 9781315753683
Adobe ISBN: 9781317621850


 Download Chapter



Presidentialism has been long defined as a regime type based on the principle of separation of power. However, most times actual presidential systems have performed on a different basis, closer to concentration rather than separation of power. This is especially the case in most Latin American countries. Ever since Simón Bolívar asserted, as early as 1826, that “the new states of America need kings with the title of President” (Sondrol 1990, 426), the region has been identified by its propensity toward the accumulation of power in the top executive office. Hyper-presidentialism, as this phenomenon came to be called (Nino 1992), is at odds with the original, U.S. concept of presidentialism, which Woodrow Wilson (1885) defined as “congressional government”—as he argued that Congress was “fast becoming the governing body of the nation.” Such an unexpected evolution was a combination of two factors, one institutional and the other cultural.

Search for more...
Back to top

Use of cookies on this website

We are using cookies to provide statistics that help us give you the best experience of our site. You can find out more in our Privacy Policy. By continuing to use the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.