The Validity of Assessment When Students Don’t Give Good Effort

Authored by: Steven L. Wise , Lisa F. Smith

Handbook of Human and Social Conditions in Assessment

Print publication date:  July  2016
Online publication date:  June  2016

Print ISBN: 9781138811539
eBook ISBN: 9781315749136
Adobe ISBN: 9781317608189

10.4324/9781315749136.ch12

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Abstract

We assess a student’s achievement to find out something about what the student knows and can do. Obtaining valid information requires that we have a good assessment that has been competently developed. But that is not sufficient. Valid information also requires that the student is motivated to devote enough effort to the assessment that the resulting information accurately reflects his or her knowledge, skills, and abilities. In this chapter, we examine the issue of motivation in an assessment context. We will focus our discussion on student testing, because the bulk of the relevant research to date has addressed test-taking motivation. It should be emphasized, however, that most of the issues discussed apply to all forms of student assessment.

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