Exploring Rural Livelihoods Through the Lens of Coastal Fishers

Authored by: Marschke Melissa

The Handbook of Contemporary Cambodia

Print publication date:  September  2016
Online publication date:  September  2016

Print ISBN: 9781138831186
eBook ISBN: 9781315736709
Adobe ISBN: 9781317567837

10.4324/9781315736709.ch8

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Abstract

Cambodia is an aid-dependent country with (relatively) limited state capacity, high levels of poverty, and a large agrarian population (Yusaf and Francisco 2009) that is currently enduring a process of profound change. Key drivers include declining land availability (Scheidel Farrell et al. 2014), an epidemic of forced evictions (Springer 2013; Connell and Grimsditch, this volume, p. 223), and the expansion of non-farm and non-resource-related activities as seen elsewhere in mainland Southeast Asia. Household goals, interests, resources, and means are constantly being reassessed in light of emerging and contracting opportunities (Lagerqvist 2014). An analysis of rural livelihood dynamics requires a comprehensive perspective that considers why livelihoods are changing, the unpredictable nature of such change, and the relationship between past and present livelihoods (Scoones 2009). Classic agrarian questions of “who owns what,” “who does what,” “who gets what,” and “what do they do with it” (Bernstein 2010) continue to be of central importance to illustrate household livelihood dynamics. At the same time, attention to regional drivers of change and broad trends in economic development are important.

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