Realism and Constructivism in Medicine

Authored by: Jeremy R. Simon

The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Medicine

Print publication date:  October  2016
Online publication date:  October  2016

Print ISBN: 9781138846791
eBook ISBN: 9781315720739
Adobe ISBN: 9781317519850


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The central entity of medical science is the disease. The focus of medical research is finding treatments for the various diseases patients suffer from. Indeed, if medicine is the science “of” something, it is the science of diseases, seeking to understand how they are created, how they behave, and how they can be controlled. It would seem, therefore, that medicine assumes that there are such things as diseases and that understanding medicine philosophically will require understanding diseases.

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