Gender-Responsive Risk and Need Assessment

Implications for the Treatment of Justice-Involved Women

Authored by: Emily J. Salisbury , Breanna Boppre , Bridget Kelly

Handbook on Risk and Need Assessment

Print publication date:  October  2016
Online publication date:  November  2016

Print ISBN: 9781138927766
eBook ISBN: 9781315682327
Adobe ISBN:


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When properly utilized to its fullest potential, a validated, general risk and need assessment instrument may drive nearly every subsequent criminal justice decision made on behalf of justice-involved individuals, regardless of whether the instrument is conducted at the front end of the system during pre-trial, or at the back end during parole or post-release supervision. Nearly every decision point is improved in some way from the assessment information obtained, whether that decision is made by a judge, probation officer, correctional counselor, parole board or case manager. Without actuarial risk and need assessment, our communities would undoubtedly be far less safe, and we might still be under the assumption that “nothing works” to reduce recidivism (Martinson, 1974).

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