Criminological issues and the UN

Key issues and trends

Authored by: Rhona Smith

The Routledge International Handbook of Criminology and Human Rights

Print publication date:  August  2016
Online publication date:  August  2016

Print ISBN: 9781138931176
eBook ISBN: 9781315679891
Adobe ISBN: 9781317395553


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All states should respect, promote and protect those human rights and fundamental freedoms they have freely accepted through international human rights treaties. Accordingly by their actions, omissions, laws and policies, they should ensure adherence to international human rights standards. The normative framework is prescribed in the nine core United Nations (UN) treaties and the array of additional treaties, guidelines and rules on human rights. There is a particularly substantial body of law and guidance on the administration of justice, including provisions on policing and detention (pre and post trial). However, this is but one of a number of relevant areas on which the UN has elaborated standards and guidelines. On the international stage, a range of mechanisms are deployed to monitor and enforce international human rights standards on an ongoing basis. It is through these that a reasonably consistent set of documentation emerges which enables identification of substantial issues which appear to be of greatest concern (or simply attract most attention).

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