Human rights and the governance of cognitive impairment and mental illness

Authored by: Claire Spivakovsky

The Routledge International Handbook of Criminology and Human Rights

Print publication date:  August  2016
Online publication date:  August  2016

Print ISBN: 9781138931176
eBook ISBN: 9781315679891
Adobe ISBN: 9781317395553


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During the 1970s and 1980s, western countries around the world entered a process of deinstitutionalization, releasing many people with cognitive impairments and mental illness from state-run institutions and asylums. Primarily this process occurred in response to both the emergence of rights-based disability movements (see Campbell and Oliver 1996), as well as subsequent rights-based challenges, such as the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Disabled Persons 1975 . Unfortunately, however, this process of deinstitutionalization failed on several fronts.

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