Theory development in educational effectiveness research

Authored by: Bert Creemers , Leonidas Kyriakides

The Routledge International Handbook of Educational Effectiveness and Improvement

Print publication date:  August  2015
Online publication date:  August  2015

Print ISBN: 9780415534437
eBook ISBN: 9781315679488
Adobe ISBN: 9781317394327


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The field of educational effectiveness research (EER) has expanded rapidly during the last three decades in many countries. Methodological advances have enabled more efficient estimates of teacher and school differences in student achievement to be obtained (Goldstein, 2003). Moreover, there is substantial agreement as to appropriate methods of estimating school and teacher differences or effects and the kinds of data required for valid comparisons to be made (Creemers, Kyriakides, & Sammons, 2010).

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