Emergence, Downward Causation and its Alternatives

Critically surveying a foundational issue

Authored by: Carl Gillett

The Routledge Handbook of Emergence

Print publication date:  March  2019
Online publication date:  March  2019

Print ISBN: 9781138925083
eBook ISBN: 9781315675213
Adobe ISBN:

10.4324/9781315675213-8

 Download Chapter

 

Abstract

Contemporary scientific emergentism, defended by physicists like Philip Anderson and Robert Laughlin, neuroscientists like Walter Freeman, and many others, takes as its starting point our present scientific evidence that includes “horizontal” causal explanations/models but also ubiquitous “vertical” compositional explanations/models. 1 Crucially, the latter explanations show how almost all higher-level scientific entities, whether individuals, or their activities and properties, are composed by lower level entities.

 Cite
Search for more...
Back to top

Use of cookies on this website

We are using cookies to provide statistics that help us give you the best experience of our site. You can find out more in our Privacy Policy. By continuing to use the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.