Authored by: John Bickle

The Routledge Handbook of Emergence

Print publication date:  March  2019
Online publication date:  March  2019

Print ISBN: 9781138925083
eBook ISBN: 9781315675213
Adobe ISBN:


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Why include an entry on reduction in a handbook on emergence? Historically, reduction has been the antithesis of emergence. Their antagonism was noted by Ernest Nagel in his classic chapter on theory reduction (1961) (much more on which below), which ends with a detailed discussion of emergence. We can often learn interesting things about a concept by investigating its contradictory.

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