A personal perspective on a new paradigm for scientific research

Authored by: David Pines

The Routledge Handbook of Emergence

Print publication date:  March  2019
Online publication date:  March  2019

Print ISBN: 9781138925083
eBook ISBN: 9781315675213
Adobe ISBN:


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Twenty years ago, in the physical sciences, the particle physics community was focused on a reductionist “top-down” paradigm whose success was embodied in the standard model of particle physics, in which one wrote down a model Hamiltonian for the so-called elementary particles – quarks and gluons – and pursued its consequences. There was heady talk of arriving at a “Theory of Everything” based on what was regarded as the fundamental approach to understanding the universe in which we live.

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