Individual differences in cognitive processes and golf performance

Authored by: Patrick R. Thomas , Andrea J. Furst , Gerard J. Fogarty

Routledge International Handbook of Golf Science

Print publication date:  October  2017
Online publication date:  October  2017

Print ISBN: 9781138189126
eBook ISBN: 9781315641782
Adobe ISBN:


 Download Chapter



Individual differences in cognitive processes have long been of interest to psychologists and educators and are crucial for understanding and improving golf performance. Paivio (1971) proposed that we have one system for coding and processing verbal information and another for coding and processing nonverbal information. In his Dual Coding Theory (DCT), the structures and processes of verbal and imaginal systems are independent of each other. Both systems can be used to code information, but one code tends to be emphasised more than the other. Paivio (1971) thus developed an Individual Differences Questionnaire (IDQ) to assess tendencies or preferences for processing information either verbally or imaginally.

Search for more...
Back to top

Use of cookies on this website

We are using cookies to provide statistics that help us give you the best experience of our site. You can find out more in our Privacy Policy. By continuing to use the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.