Measuring Competencies

Authored by: Stefan Ufer , Knut Neumann

International Handbook of the Learning Sciences

Print publication date:  April  2018
Online publication date:  April  2018

Print ISBN: 9781138670594
eBook ISBN: 9781315617572
Adobe ISBN:


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At the beginning of the 21st century the demands on the education of the individual have changed substantially (Bransford, Brown, & Cocking, 2000). The continued technological progress has led to a significant transformation of the workplace and an increasing need for a flexible workforce that can efficiently handle the complex technologies that are part of modern workplaces. Also, as social and environmental problems have become increasingly complex and interconnected, innovative strategies are needed to understand and manage them. Education cannot possibly provide individuals with all the individual abilities and skills needed to meet these challenges. Instead, education must help individuals develop the competence needed for continued learning and thus occupational and democratic participation (OECD, 1999). This shift towards competence as a desired outcome of education requires us also to rethink assessment. Innovative approaches, technologies, and formats are needed to measure competence constructs instead of measuring individual abilities or skills (NRC, 2014).

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