Local elites globalized in death

A practice approach to Early Iron Age Hallstatt C/D chieftains’ burials in northwest Europe

Authored by: David Fontijn , Sasja van der Vaart-Verschoof

The Routledge Handbook of Archaeology and Globalization

Print publication date:  November  2016
Online publication date:  November  2016

Print ISBN: 9780415841306
eBook ISBN: 9781315449005
Adobe ISBN:


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At the end of the ninteenth century, an astonishingly rich grave was unearthed in Wijchen, the Netherlands. A dazzling collection of decorative bronze elements of a four-wheeled wagon, as well as a bronze bucket, a very long iron sword, bronze and iron tools and ornaments were discovered together with cremated bones in a ceramic urn (Pare 1992: 219–20; Van der Vaart-Verschoof in prep.). The grave dates to the Early Iron Age Hallstatt C/D Period (Pare 1992: 151). All objects are unusual and generally absent in the contemporary, and by comparison modest, urnfield graves in this region. Even by European standards, it is extraordinary and lavish burial equipment. Most of these objects (Figure 6.3.1), including elements of an entirely new type of four-wheeled wagon, were made in central Europe (Pare 1992: 170–71).

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