Five generations of NGOs in education

From humanitarianism to global capitalism

Authored by: Will Brehm , Iveta Silova

Routledge Handbook of NGOs and International Relations

Print publication date:  April  2019
Online publication date:  April  2019

Print ISBN: 9781138285507
eBook ISBN: 9781315268927
Adobe ISBN:


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Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) in education are as diverse in their activities as they are wide in their geographic reach. Some NGOs deliver educational content within their own non-formal school settings, similar to mainstream schools but typically outside the authority of ministries of education. Others operate inside public schools, providing additional teaching and learning services, scholarships, and/or infrastructure improvement. Still other NGOs focus on capacity development in and out of schools for teachers, administrators, policymakers, and families. Teacher labour unions or federations can also be considered NGOs especially when part of transnational advocacy networks. Found in nearly every country worldwide, NGOs in education are, collectively, a non-organized, diverse, and, at times, influential group, ranging in size, type, and political orientation. They can impact the practices of non-formal, formal, and technical education as well as education policymaking locally, nationally, and globally.

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