Domain ontologies

Authored by: Catherine Roussey , Nathalie Hernandez , Haïfa Zargayouna

The Routledge Handbook of Lexicography

Print publication date:  October  2017
Online publication date:  October  2017

Print ISBN: 9781138941601
eBook ISBN: 9781315104942
Adobe ISBN:

10.4324/9781315104942.ch14

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Abstract

In computer science, ontologies were originally used in artificial intelligence in order to share knowledge among applications. Nowadays ontologies are used in many different fields of information systems. Our goal is to give an overview of the different types of ontologies and their use in these applications. First, we will present the concept in its historical context with the aim of summarising what most scholars agree on. Second, we will enumerate some core issues and topics focusing on the relationship of domain ontologies and information systems, especially systems that can be used for lexicographic purposes. For example, WordNet is a well-known lexical database that is used in information retrieval system. Other types of resources were developed by computer scientists in order to store more information (lexical, semantic, etc…) and reuse them in information system.

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