Phoenician and the Eastern Canaanite Languages

Authored by: Stanislav Segert

The Semitic Languages

Print publication date:  October  1997
Online publication date:  October  2013

Print ISBN: 9780415057677
eBook ISBN: 9781315002682
Adobe ISBN: 9781136115806

10.4324/9781315002682.ch10

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Abstract

Hebrew (see Chapter 9), Phoenician, languages of the area east of the Jordan River: Ammonite, Moabite and Edomite, moreover Ugaritic (see Chapter 8) and early Canaanite words and constructions in the Akkadian texts of El-Amarna, Egypt, constitute the Canaanite branch of Semitic. Except for Hebrew, they all died out in antiquity and were forgotten till the inscriptions were deciphered, from the eighteenth century on (many were found in the nineteenth century, some recently). In the Eastern Mediterranean, Phoenician was used until the first century BCE. In North Africa it survived until the fifth century CE.

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