Operation Enduring Freedom

The United States in Afghanistan

Authored by: Kevin W. Farrell

The Routledge Handbook of American Military and Diplomatic History

Print publication date:  June  2013
Online publication date:  August  2013

Print ISBN: 9780415888479
eBook ISBN: 9781135070991
Adobe ISBN: 9781135071028


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The deadliest attacks in U.S. history occurred on September 11, 2001, dramatic events that rank in significance alongside the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. The date stands as one of the bloodiest days in U.S. history and certainly was the most dramatic loss of American civilian life in the history of the Republic. Decades later, the very mention of Pearl Harbor conjures painful memories for any American old enough to remember it. 1 While virtually all Americans remember 9/11 and the deadly attacks masterminded by Osama Bin Laden, many Americans seem to have forgotten that these attacks triggered the longest war in U.S. history, one that is apparently set to continue for years to come, and one that presents the most vexing military challenge since the Vietnam War.

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