From research to practice

Bridging the “knowledge-action” gap

Authored by: Shih-Han Hung , Chih-Ting Lee , Yu-Hsin Tung , Yu-Ping Tsai , Chun-Yen Chang , Puay Yok Tan

The Routledge Handbook of Sustainable Cities and Landscapes in the Pacific Rim

Print publication date:  March  2022
Online publication date:  March  2022

Print ISBN: 9780367471149
eBook ISBN: 9781003033530
Adobe ISBN:


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This chapter discusses the inadequate application of the available scientific knowledge to the improvement of human health in urban areas, leading to what we define as a “knowledge-action” gap. The current state of efforts to implement the “Nature as Health” concept is reviewed, and recommendations are made to adopt an evidence-based design process as a framework for addressing the knowledge-action gap and the science-action gap. While Chapter 39 provided case studies from near the Pacific Rim, this chapter details the cases in Taiwan that bridged the knowledge-action gap in the relationship between nature and public health. Chapter 40 discussed several research tools, methods, and interdisciplinary concepts that might lend light to future studies. This chapter will discuss more detailed information of the HealthCloud app and its application, which provides psychological questionnaires and monitors heart rate and environmental information and could be a useful tool for data collection on the changing behaviors and patterns of humans experiencing nature, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic. A “Landscape and Health Information Note” application could be used to connect health data and environmental information as a feedback system for users. The chapter concludes with the following questions: what is the future relationship between human and environment interaction? Given the rapid advancement of technology and the COVID-19 pandemic, how can we apply this technology and the strategies of landscape design to fill the knowledge-action gap? Finally, how can we respond to sustainable development goals (SDGs)?

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