Climate resilience, mitigation, and adaptation strategy

Case studies from the Middle East and West Africa

Authored by: Adenrele Awotona

The Routledge Handbook of Urban Resilience

Print publication date:  December  2019
Online publication date:  November  2019

Print ISBN: 9781138583597
eBook ISBN: 9780429506666
Adobe ISBN:


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Iraq and Nigeria are two of the most vulnerable countries globally with regard to the effects of climate change on environmental degradation, on their fragile economies, on various aspects of national and community development, on the livelihoods of their citizens (especially the low-income and the poor), on social order, and on national security. While Iraq has not yet developed a climate change mitigation and adaptation strategy, Nigeria has developed one that is clearly doomed to fail. There are many reasons why Iraq has not developed a strategy and why Nigeria’s will fail.

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