State and Non–State-Oriented Criminal Justice Systems 1

Authored by: Ali Wardak

Routledge Handbook of South Asian Criminology

Print publication date:  August  2019
Online publication date:  August  2019

Print ISBN: 9781482260458
eBook ISBN: 9780429320118
Adobe ISBN:


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Afghanistan is a land-locked country that lies at the crossroad between South and Central Asia. To the north and northwest of the country lie the former Soviet republics of Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan; to the South and East is Pakistan; to the West of Afghanistan lies Iran, and to its north-east is China. It is this strategic geo-political location of Afghanistan that has made it both a crossroad between civilizations and a battlefield between competing global and regional powers (Wardak, 2004).

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