Ethnomethodological approaches

Authored by: Asta Cekaite

The Routledge International Handbook of Ethnographic Film and Video

Print publication date:  April  2020
Online publication date:  April  2020

Print ISBN: 9780367185824
eBook ISBN: 9780429196997
Adobe ISBN:

10.4324/9780429196997-10

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Abstract

Ethnomethodological analysis comprises interdisciplinary work, including sociology, linguistics and pragmatics, educational sciences, anthropology, and other disciplines and fields. This approach uses video recordings in order to engage in a close analysis of social life, more specifically to investigate social actors’ embodied meaning-making and ordinary social practices that have a visual dimension. Initially a sociological tradition with origins in the 1950’s and Garfinkel’s work, ethnomethodology aimed to reframe the focus of sociological inquiry by directing attention to people’s actions as a foundation of fundamental social phenomena such as social order. Ethnomethodology as a sociological approach proposes a bottom-up perspective on how societies and cultures are accomplished. It has later expanded and become a heterogenous perspective and today it also associated with Ethnomethodological Conversation Analysis (EMCA) (Heath, 1986; Mondada, 2011), and Multimodal Interaction Analysis-based studies (Goodwin, C., 1994, 2000, 2018; Mondada, 2018) which utilize video recordings of everyday practices.

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