School Competition and Student Outcomes

Authored by: Brian Gill , Kevin Booker

Handbook of Research in Education Finance and Policy

Print publication date:  November  2007
Online publication date:  August  2012

Print ISBN: 9780805861440
eBook ISBN: 9780203961063
Adobe ISBN: 9781135863890


 Download Chapter



An entire section of this volume is devoted to issues related to school choice and educational privatization, including charter schools, the public funding of private schools, and educational management organizations that operate public schools under contract. Nonetheless, the use of market forces in education is an appropriate topic for this section as well, because market-based educational policies may affect the productive use of resources across the educational system. In particular, many supporters of market-based approaches believe that the competitive pressures they create will promote an increase in school productivity (see, e.g., Friedman, 1955; Chubb and Moe, 1990; Hoxby, 2000). If so, benefits might be seen not only by students enrolled in schools of choice (whether private, charter, or privately managed), but also by students who remain in conventional public schools and by taxpayers. At the same time, the adoption of market mechanisms in schooling raises questions about the extent to which schools operating under a competitive model will productively serve public as well as private purposes (see, e.g., Wells, 1993; Wolf and Macedo, 2004; Fiske and Ladd, 2000; Gill et al., 2001; Gutmann, 1987; Fuller, Elmore, and Orfield, 1996; Levin, 2000). How will competition affect the stratification of students across schools, by race, social class, and ability? Will privately operated schools effectively promote education in the knowledge, skills, and values needed for effective citizenship in a democracy?

Search for more...
Back to top

Use of cookies on this website

We are using cookies to provide statistics that help us give you the best experience of our site. You can find out more in our Privacy Policy. By continuing to use the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.