Human rights and human rights violations in the Southern Cone

Authored by: Luis Roniger , Mario Sznajder

Handbook of Human Rights

Print publication date:  September  2011
Online publication date:  February  2012

Print ISBN: 9780415480239
eBook ISBN: 9780203887035
Adobe ISBN: 9781134019083

10.4324/9780203887035.ch60

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Abstract

The societies of Argentina, Chile, and Uruguay – known as the core Southern Cone nations – share a history of Spanish colonization, political independence in the early nineteenth century, mass European immigration (more prominent in Argentina and Uruguay than in Chile) since the late nineteenth century, and a basic modeling according to Western institutions and ideas of development. These societies share a dual cultural dynamic. On the one hand, there is a substratum of respect for hierarchy, authority, and order, of Hispanic and Roman Catholic origins, with corporatist leanings. On the other hand, from an early stage, elites have looked to the centers of world development, absorbing from the latter secular Western ideas and ideologies, adapting them as part of their models of nation-building, as befitted their local structures and realities.

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