Anti-Metaphysics I


Authored by: Maudemarie Clark

The Routledge Companion to Metaphysics

Print publication date:  April  2009
Online publication date:  April  2009

Print ISBN: 9780415396318
eBook ISBN: 9780203879306
Adobe ISBN: 9781134155866


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Metaphysics aims to establish what there is to know about the world that goes beyond what can be discovered by science. In this sense, Nietzsche himself put forward metaphysical views in his final works. But he is better known for the criticism of metaphysics he began developing in the works of his middle or “positivistic” period. This criticism is specifically directed against “two-world” metaphysics, the kind of metaphysic put forward by Parmenides, Plato, Leibniz, Kant and Schopenhauer, among others, according to which there is a second world in addition to the empirical world studied by science, and it is the “true” or real world whereas the empirical world is mere “appearance.” Although he turns against metaphysics in this sense in the works of his middle period, Nietzsche began his philosophical career as a devotee of Schopenhauer’s two-world metaphysics.

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