Selected-Response Item Formats in Test Development

Authored by: Steven M. Downing

Handbook of Test Development

Print publication date:  January  2006
Online publication date:  April  2011

Print ISBN: 9780805852646
eBook ISBN: 9780203874776
Adobe ISBN: 9781135283384


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This chapter discusses the use of selected-response item formats in developing tests of achievement and ability. The chapter reviews some important research evidence to support the use of selected-response item forms as a major building block for written and computer-based tests. Validity evidence for the selected-response item format is emphasized. Strengths and limitations of the selected-response formats are overviewed and specific formats, such as multiple-choice, extended matching, and special uses of selected-response formats in testlets or context-dependent item sets are discussed.

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