Primary Grade Reading

Authored by: Barbara R. Foorman , Carol M. Connor

Handbook of Reading Research: Volume IV

Print publication date:  October  2010
Online publication date:  March  2011

Print ISBN: 9780805853421
eBook ISBN: 9780203840412
Adobe ISBN: 9781136891427


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During the first decade of the 21st century, a national focus on primary grade reading has been mandated by the Reading First component of the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act of 2001. NCLB is the result of a bipartisan effort to strengthen accountability requirements of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA, 1965) and to achieve its goal of reducing the achievement gap between students living in poverty and their more affluent peers. To accomplish this goal, a target of reaching 100% proficiency by 2014 was established for all students and disaggregated data were used to determine Annual Yearly Progress (AYP) towards that deadline. Additionally, teachers were required to meet the federal definition of highly qualified as having at least a bachelor’s degree and certification in the subject area in which they teach. The Reading First component of NCLB also required that instructional strategies in kindergarten through third grade be based on scientifically-based reading research.

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