Linguistic Analysis Methods for Studying Small Groups

Authored by: Iris Howley , Elijah Mayfield , Carolyn Penstein Rosé

The International Handbook of Collaborative Learning

Print publication date:  February  2013
Online publication date:  March  2013

Print ISBN: 9780415805735
eBook ISBN: 9780203837290
Adobe ISBN: 9781136869556

10.4324/9780203837290.ch10

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Abstract

Linguistic analysis of collaboration is a research area with stakeholders from multiple fields, including learning sciences, organizational behavior, sociolinguistics, other areas of linguistics, language technologies and machine learning, social psychology, and sociology. Each field brings its own valuable store of wisdom as well as its own sets of research questions and methodologies. While we view collaboration from a multidisciplinary perspective, we adopt a technical definition of linguistic analysis as an analysis that employs constructs from the field of linguistics that are designed to study language as a primary focus of inquiry. While a wide variety of valuable frameworks for studying the language of collaboration have been developed within the learning sciences community, instead of considering these as linguistic analyses of collaboration, we consider them as applications of theory from the learning sciences to language interaction. The focus of these existing frameworks is on learning processes viewed through language rather than the language processes themselves. The advantage of a linguistic framework is that it allows us to avoid making a commitment to one specific theoretical perspective within the learning sciences.

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