Election systems and campaign rules

Authored by: Ray Christensen

Routledge Handbook of Japanese Politics

Print publication date:  February  2011
Online publication date:  February  2011

Print ISBN: 9780415551373
eBook ISBN: 9780203829875
Adobe ISBN: 9781136818387

10.4324/9780203829875.ch6

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Abstract

In 2009 Japanese voters handed a landslide election victory to opposition Democratic Party, reversing their 2005 judgment when they gave an equally dramatic landslide victory to the ruling Liberal Democratic Party (LDP). The Democrat’s share of the vote in 2009 increased 14.5 percent; the LDP’s dropped 9.4 percent. Not only was 2009 the LDP’s first loss in a House of Representatives election since the formation of the Party in 1955; it was also the most dramatic shift in voter preferences in Japan’s modern political history. Excluding elections with significant numbers of defections or a party merger, the most dramatic shift in LDP support, prior to 2009, was a 5.9 percent drop in 1967. The greatest shift in support for a major opposition party occurred in 1993 when support for the Japan Socialist Party (JSP) dropped 9 percent.

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