Learning to Spell by Ear and by Eye: A Cross-Linguistic Comparison

Authored by: R. Malatesha Joshi , Xiwu Feng , Torleiv Høien , Rajni Chengappa , Regina Boulware-Gooden

Handbook of Orthography and Literacy

Print publication date:  September  2005
Online publication date:  May  2013

Print ISBN: 9780805846522
eBook ISBN: 9780203824719
Adobe ISBN: 9781136781353


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Orthographies vary from each other in terms of grapheme-phoneme correspondence. The grapheme—phoneme relationship can be shallow or deep, and the extent of this relationship is generally referred to as "orthographic depth." We present the results of two studies that examined the spelling performance of non-English-speaking children who had learned English as a second language primarily through textbooks. The results showed that the nature of orthography of the native language of these children influenced their spelling of English words. Results also showed that, regardless of whether English was learned in the spoken form or primarily through books, phonology plays an important role in spelling.

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