A Cultural Overview of the Education Systems in Buddhist Countries

Authored by: David T. Gamage

Handbook of Asian Education

Print publication date:  December  2010
Online publication date:  November  2010

Print ISBN: 9780805864458
eBook ISBN: 9780203816318
Adobe ISBN: 9781136721298

10.4324/9780203816318.ch22

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Abstract

The Buddhist culture was developed from the values and the belief systems arising from the 45 years of teachings by Buddha. Before Enlightenment he was born as a royal prince named Siddhartha in 508 BC. He was the Crown Prince of King Suddhodana of the Shakya Clan in a kingdom at the foot of the Himalaya Mountains in modern Nepal. A hermit called Asita who lived in the nearby mountains noticed a special phenomenon on the day of his birth, came to understand that a royal prince was born, and visited the palace to see the prince. When the baby prince was shown, he examined the baby and predicted that if the prince remained in the palace when grown up he would become a universal monarch and subjugate the whole world. However, if he forsook the palace life to embrace a religious life, he would become a Buddha, a savior of the world.

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