Performing to expectations

Teachers’ dilemmas in East Asia and in Chinese societies

Authored by: Leslie N. K. Lo , Manhong Lai , Shuangye Chen

Routledge International Handbook of Teacher and School Development

Print publication date:  December  2011
Online publication date:  June  2012

Print ISBN: 9780415669702
eBook ISBN: 9780203815564
Adobe ISBN: 9781136715976


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All teachers perform in accordance with different layers of societal, organizational, and educational expectations. These expectations are built into the fabric of schooling by communal choice, official sanctions, and professional inclinations. Some are cultural derivatives that have been nurtured by history, while others are fashionable imaginings that appear fleetingly over the educational horizon. When ingrained, these expectations become an integral part of the culture of teaching. For teachers in East Asian societies—the Chinese societies, Japan and South Korea—performing to different layers of expectations is a normal part of the job.

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