EE Policies in Three Chinese Communities

Challenges and Prospects for Future Development

Authored by: Lee Chi Kin John , Wang Shun Mei , Yang Guang

International Handbook of Research on Environmental Education

Print publication date:  December  2012
Online publication date:  May  2013

Print ISBN: 9780415892384
eBook ISBN: 9780203813331
Adobe ISBN: 9781136699313


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Environmental education continues to be prominent in educational reform agendas in the Chinese communities as well as internationally. In this chapter, we focus on the Chinese communities of Taiwan, the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR) and the People's Republic of China (PRC) (the Chinese mainland). While these communities share many aspects of a common Chinese cultural heritage and related historical development, it should be noted that Hong Kong became a British colony in 1897 and was returned to Chinese sovereignty in 1997 and, since the 1940s Taiwan has had a contentious history. Both Hong Kong and Taiwan currently have significantly different relationships with the mainland. In terms of spoken Chinese, standard Mandarin is the official spoken language of Taiwan and the PRC (known as Putonghua) while Cantonese is the common spoken language of Hong Kong. For written Chinese, traditional Chinese characters are officially used in Taiwan and Hong Kong while simplified Chinese characters are officially used in the PRC ( Accessed on October 15, 2008).

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