The Autism Spectrum

Authored by: Alexandra Fortuna , Patricia Davis

The Routledge International Companion to Educational Psychology

Print publication date:  July  2013
Online publication date:  July  2013

Print ISBN: 9780415675581
eBook ISBN: 9780203809402
Adobe ISBN: 9781136675096

10.4324/9780203809402.ch26

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Abstract

Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are a class of neurodevelopmental disorders defined by qualitative impairments in social functioning and communication, accompanied by repetitive behaviours and restrictive interests. As early as 30 years ago, autism was considered a rare childhood disorder. Today, autism is considered one of the most common disorders worldwide (Bauman 2010). Current statistics report that ASDs affect as many as 1 in 88 children, with the condition predominantly affecting males, as it is diagnosed approximately four times more often in males than in females (Center for Disease Control (CDC) 2010).

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