The Evolution of K–12 Distance Education and Virtual Schools

Authored by: Tom Clark

Handbook of Distance Education

Print publication date:  December  2012
Online publication date:  May  2013

Print ISBN: 9780415897648
eBook ISBN: 9780203803738
Adobe ISBN: 9781136635571

10.4324/9780203803738.ch35

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Abstract

This chapter describes the evolution of K-12 distance education, from earlier forms and methods up to the emergence of virtual schools. A virtual school is an educational organization that offers K–12 courses through Internet- or Web-based methods. In many ways, the virtual school movement is an outgrowth of the independent study high school movement that began in the 1920s. Perennial issues, effective practices and lessons learned in prior incarnations of K–12 distance education remain relevant for K–12 online education policy and practice today.

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