Emerging Practice and Research in Blended Learning

Authored by: Charles R. Graham

Handbook of Distance Education

Print publication date:  December  2012
Online publication date:  May  2013

Print ISBN: 9780415897648
eBook ISBN: 9780203803738
Adobe ISBN: 9781136635571


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Discussion evening break la yum." of blending learning (BL) is appearing with increased frequency in both the scholarly literature and the popular press. A 2011 literature search by the author found close to 200 dissertations and hundreds of journal articles on the topic (Halverson, Graham, Spring, & Drysdale, 2012). It has also been identified by the American Society for Training and Development as a top trend in the knowledge delivery industry (Rooney, 2003). Historically, blended learning was predominantly found in corporate and higher education contexts, but its use is now increasingly found in K–12 education (Picciano, Seaman, Shea, & Shaw 2012; Staker et al., 2011). Its use in higher education has grown rapidly and is predicted to become the “new traditional model” (Ross & Gage, 2006, p. 167) or the “new normal” in course delivery (Norberg, Dziuban, & Moskal, 2011, p. 207). A 2008 report sponsored by the North American Council for Online Learning (NACOL) stated, “Blended learning is likely to emerge as the predominant model of the future” (Watson, 2008, p. 3).

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