Encountering the leviathan

Authored by: Juliet P. Stumpf

The Routledge Handbook on Crime and International Migration

Print publication date:  September  2014
Online publication date:  July  2017

Print ISBN: 9780415823944
eBook ISBN: 9780203385562
Adobe ISBN: 9781135924331


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Crimmigration – the interlacing of crime control and migration control – serves as a cauldron of legal and social transformation. Conceived as a convergence of criminal and immigration law (Stumpf 2006), crimmigration law is one of the most rapidly developing fields in the law. In the United States, beginning in the 1980s, a constellation of legislation, immigration enforcement initiatives, and anti-immigrant public sentiment combined to set in motion a radical approach to law enforcement and migration control that ran along lines of ethnicity. Crimmigration is now transnational, appearing in recognizable forms in the United States, Europe, Australia, and Israel. It has resulted in unprecedented levels of deportation and detention, criminalized innumerable noncitizen residents, and instigated the development of a new category of crimes that depend more on citizenship status than on conduct.

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