Transformative Learning

Authored by: Patricia Cranton , Edward W. Taylor

The Routledge International Handbook of Learning

Print publication date:  December  2011
Online publication date:  May  2012

Print ISBN: 9780415571302
eBook ISBN: 9780203357385
Adobe ISBN: 9781136598562


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It is our intent in this chapter to describe transformative learning theory and practice and to situate transformative learning in the larger context of learning theory in general. First, we provide an overview of transformative learning theory, including a broad definition and a description of the ways in which the theory has evolved over time. Second, we examine in detail three main perspectives on transformative learning: the rational, the extrarational, and the social change perspective. Third, we review how transformative learning can be fostered in practice, focusing on six themes: the individual experience, critical reflection, the role of dialogue, authentic and supportive relationships, a holistic orientation, and the awareness of context.

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