Team-Based School Consultation

Authored by: Shannon Dowd-Eagle , John Eagle

Handbook of Research in School Consultation

Print publication date:  April  2014
Online publication date:  April  2014

Print ISBN: 9780415501200
eBook ISBN: 9780203133170
Adobe ISBN: 9781136478444


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A prominent philosophical influence in school consultation research proposes that to effectively serve children, school psychologists must work primarily and paradoxically on changing the behavior of adults (Gutkin & Conoley, 1990). Although the consultation literature base has traditionally conceptualized this role within a dyadic model emphasizing the consultant-consultee relationship, much of school consultation today occurs in the context of teams rather than dyads. Contemporary practices have been shaped, in part, by the rich history of team-based problem solving falling under the auspices of prereferral intervention teams (PITs). Prereferral intervention teams were popular in the 1980s and 1990s and used a consultation-based approach to support general education teachers and develop instructional and behavioral interventions for students prior to possible referral for special education assessment (McDougal, Clonan, & Martens, 2000).

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